NTSB Investigators Push FAA for Better Cockpit Voice Recorders On All Planes

They want 25 hours of audio, a significant increase from the current standard of two hours.

The cockpit voice recorder, left, and the flight data recorder from Continental flight 1404 airplane accident on display at the National Transportation Safety Board headquarters in Washington, Dec. 22, 2008.
The cockpit voice recorder, left, and the flight data recorder from Continental flight 1404 airplane accident on display at the National Transportation Safety Board headquarters in Washington, Dec. 22, 2008.
AP Photo

WASHINGTON (AP) β€” Federal accident investigators are pushing to retrofit current aircraft with better cockpit voice recorders, citing the loss of evidence during last month's blowout of a door panel on a jetliner flying over Oregon.

The National Transportation Safety Board said Tuesday that the Federal Aviation Administration should require many current planes to have recorders that can capture 25 hours of audio, up from the current standard of two hours.

The FAA announced late last year a proposal to require the 25-hour standard but only on new planes. Airlines typically keep planes for many years, so much of the existing fleet would not be covered.

The FAA said Tuesday that its proposal is in line with its counterpart in Europe, the European Union Aviation Safety Agency, and the United Nation's aviation organization.

The FAA received about 115 comments about its proposal during a comment period that ended Feb. 2. The agency said it will review those comments before issuing a final rule.

Cockpit voice recorders, or CVRs, are designed to capture conversations between pilots and any other noises that might help investigators understand the circumstances of an accident. In the case of the blowout on Alaska Airlines flight 1282 on Jan. 5, however, the data was overwritten after two hours.

"Our investigators don't have the CVR audio to fully understand all of the challenges the flight crew faced in response to the emergency," said NTSB Chair Jennifer Homendy.

The NTSB said that since 2018, at least 14 of its investigations have been hindered because recordings were taped over, including during seven runway close calls in early 2023. NTSB Chair Jennifer Homendy called that "unacceptable."

In 2018, a year after an Air Canada jet nearly hit planes on a taxiway at the San Francisco airport, the NTSB urged FAA to require 25-hour recordings on new planes and β€” by 2024 β€” also on existing planes that are required to have a voice recorder and a flight data recorder.

Those two devices together are known as the black boxes, although they are typically painted orange.


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