Watchdog Says Millions in Danger of Missing Virus Payouts

The GAO said some 8.7 million eligible Americans have yet to receive payments because of inadequate IRS and Treasury records.

Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin testifies on Capitol Hill, Sept. 1, 2020.
Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin testifies on Capitol Hill, Sept. 1, 2020.
Graeme Jennings/Pool via AP

WASHINGTON (AP) — Millions of Americans are in danger of missing coronavirus relief payments of up to $1,200 per individual because of incomplete government records, a government watchdog said in a report issued Monday.

The Government Accountability Office, Congress’ auditing arm, said that possibly 8.7 million or more individuals who are eligible for the economic impact payments have yet to receive those payments because of inadequate IRS and Treasury Department records.

That was one of a number of findings in the latest GAO report on the handling of the unprecedented $2.6 trillion in support passed by Congress last spring to cushion the impact from a sharp recession triggered by the global pandemic.

The GAO also called on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to do a better job in providing guidance to local schools on when they can safely reopen schools.

GAO said that the IRS did implement several recommendations the GAO had made in a June report to make sure those eligible for the payments received them, such as extending the deadline for individuals who had not filed an income tax return to apply for the payments through Sept. 30.

But GAO said Treasury and the IRS have still failed to update information on how many eligible recipients have yet to receive funds.

The lack of "such information could hinder outreach efforts and place potentially millions of individuals at risk of missing their payment,” the GAO said in its report.

In April, the report said, Treasury estimated that 30 million individuals — including 16 million on Social Security and railroad pensions and 14 million who do not normally file tax returns — had not received their payments. The IRS then reported as of July 31 that 5.3 million individuals had used an online IRS tool for nonfilers to help them receive payments.

Those figures would mean that there could be 8.7 million or more individuals who are eligible for the payments but who have not received them.

The report said that Treasury officials did not state their agreement or disagreement with GAO recommendations to improve the eligibility lists. But the agency told GAO it was working on an effort to notify around 9 million individuals that they may be eligible for the payments.

Responding to the report, the IRS said Monday that the effort also includes encouraging eligible people who don't normally file tax returns to register using the online tool at as soon as possible before the Oct. 15 deadline.

The IRS and Treasury have undertaken “a sweeping communications and outreach effort" to reach eligible people, including distributing materials in more than 35 languages, the IRS said in a statement. It said the effort already has brought in about 7 million people who don't normally file a return.

The economic impact payments were made by the IRS using direct deposit, paper checks and debit cards. The total appropriated by Congress for the economic payments was $282 billion.

All adults earning up to $75,000 in adjusted gross income annually were entitled to $1,200. That amount steadily declined for those earning more and was phased out entirely for people earning over $99,000. Up to $500 per qualifying child also was paid.

In addition to the problem of missing individuals eligible for the payments, an earlier GAO report found that nearly 1.1 million in coronavirus relief payments totaling some $1.6 billion went to dead people. Treasury officials have since said they have been able to recover about 70% of that money.

On schools, the GAO criticized the CDC guidance as inconsistent. The GAO called for updated guidance that would be “cogent, clear and internally consistent.” The report said that the Department of Health and Human Services, which oversees CDC, agreed with this recommendation.

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